Table 4: Purine content in seafoods (fish and crustaceans, fresh and canned), and vegetables (legumes).

Purine food sources

Total purine content

(mg/100g)

Fresh seafoods
Anchovies 411
Sardines 345
Salmon 250
Mackerel 194
Clams 136
Squid 135
Canned seafoods
Sardines 399
Herring 378
Anchovies 321
Mackerel 246
Shrimp 234
Tuna 142
Oysters 107
Salmon 88
Clams 62
Dried legumes
Blackeye peas 230
Lentils 222
Great northern bean 213
Small white bean 202
Split peas 195
Pinto bean 171
Red bean 162
Large lima bean 149
Baby lima bean 144
Cranberry bean 75
Garbanza bean 56

 

Alcohol drinks also contain purines. There is strong association between high consumption of alcoholic drinks and uric acid levels in the blood, and consequently gout. Below are estimates of purine content in alcoholic drinks analysed by British researchers.

Table 5: Purine content in alcoholic drinks (beer).

Alcohol drink

Total purine content

(mg/1 Litre)

Traditional British beers 20.3 - 27.5
Guinness 23.8
Lager beer 17.7
Home-brewed beer 3.9
Cider 0.4

 

Table 6: Purine content in seasonings and supplements.

Food itemsTotal purine content (mg/100g)
Barbecue sauce 14.9
Honey 68.7
Oyster sauce 134.4
Rice bran 100.2
Soy sauce, dark color 45.2
Soy sauce, light color 55.3
Beer yeast 2995.7
Spirulina 1076.8