Table 2: Melatonin sources (Hardeland and Pandi-Perumal, 2005).

Melatonin source Melatonin content [ng/g]
Feverfew, fresh leaf
> 1,300
Feverfew, dried leaf
>7,000
Almond seed
39
Pimpinella peregrina, dried root
38
Sunflower seed
29
Fennel seed
28
Lemon verbena, young plant
22
Balm mint, young plant
16
Green cardamom seed
15
Art cherry, Montmorency, fruit
15–18
Anise seed
7
Tall fescue seed
5
oat seed
1.8
Indian corn seed
1.3
Rice seed
1
Red radish root tuber
0.6
Japanese radish , stem and leaves
0.6
Tomato fruit
0.5
Ginger tuber
0.5
Banana fruit
0.5

 

Melatonin data sources and references:

Rüdiger Hardeland and SR Pandi-Perumal. Melatonin, a potent agent in antioxidative defense: Actions as a natural food constituent, gastrointestinal factor, drug and prodrug. Nutrition & Metabolism 2005, 2:22 doi:10.1186/1743-7075-2-22 ---(Table 2 )

Russel J. Reiter and Dan-Xian Tan. 2002. Melatonin: An antioxidant in edible plant. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 957: 341-344. (Table 1)

S. J Konturek, P. C. Konturek, T. Brzozowski. 2006. Melatonin in gastroprotection against stress-inuduced acute gastric lesions and in healing of chronic gastric ulcers. Journal of physiology and pharmacology, 57( Suppl 5): 51-66.

Guofang Chen, Yushu Huo, Dun-Xian Tan, Zhen Liang, Weibing Zhang, Yukui Zhang. 2003. Melatonin in Chinese medicinal herbs. Life Sciences, 73: 19-26.

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