Cholesterol is essential for normal functioning of the body. Examples of cholesterol health benefits include maintenance of the integrity of cell membranes of all tissues, synthesis of bile acids in the liver, and synthesis of lipids such as steroid hormones. It is required for the synthesis of hormones such as estrogen, testosterone and aldosterone.

Probiotics is a promising approach for lowering cholesterol. Probiotics are living microorganisms taken as suplements and that benefit the host by improving gut microbial balance. The most common probiotic bacteria are lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Probiotic bacteria are generally consumed in the form of fermented dairy products such as yoghurt.

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